The Photographic Exhibitions Committee (PEC) of PPA uses the 12 elements below as the “gold standard” to define a merit image. PEC trains judges to be mindful of these elements when judging images to the PPA merit level and to be placed in the International Print Exhibit at Imaging USA, the annual convention. The use of these 12 elements connects the modern practice of photography and its photographers to the historical practice of photography begun nearly two centuries ago.
Twelve elements have been defined as necessary for the success of an art piece or image. Any image, art piece, or photograph will reveal some measure of all twelve elements, while a visually superior example will reveal obvious consideration of each one.
The Adobe Elements line of and photo editing tools is into its second decade with the release of Premiere Elements 12 and Elements 12. This annual update features cloud integration with the Adobe Revel mobile apps to save your media in online albums to view on mobile apps. It also continues Adobe's practice of adding fun new technology automation like the one-click Auto Smart Tone that learns your editing preferences for photos and videos.
The authors illustrate the 12 Elements with examples from the US, Brazil, Germany, India and other countries. The insights are practical and backed by empirical evidence gathered from 10 million employee and manager interviews from 114 countries. In this book employee engagement has been linked to business performance. The authors have compared the top-quartile and bottom-quartile business units for the Elements, and have measured the overall difference between engaged and actively disengaged employees. Throughout the book you will read results that link these differences to a variety of business metrics - productivity, profitability, absenteeism, turnover, shrink (the retailers' euphemism for theft), accidents, customer ratings, etc. I enjoyed the way in which the findings were presented. Each chapter starts with a situation where a company has problems related to an Element. The authors then present their research and findings. After that a "great" manager implements changes and saves the day.
Gallup’s 12 Elements of Great Managing (Q12) was the result of the exhaustive study of thousands of employees spanning many industries and countries. I suspect your organization could learn a great deal from this research.
|Melting point||693 K (420 °C)||594 K (321 °C)||234 K (−39 °C)||?|
|Boiling point||1180 K (907 °C)||1040 K (767 °C)||630 K (357 °C)||357+112
−108 K (84+112
|Density||7.14 g·cm−3||8.65 g·cm−3||13.534 g·cm−3||? 23.7 g·cm−3|
|Appearance||silvery bluish-gray metallic||silver-gray||silvery||?|
|Atomic radius||135 pm||155 pm||150 pm||? 147 pm|